Herbert Benson, M.D.

Curriculum Vitae
Prepared: June, 2007

PART I: General Information

Herbert Benson

Office Address:
Benson-Henry Institute for Mind Body Medicine at Massachusetts General Hospital
824 Boylston Street
Chestnut Hill, MA 02467

Home Address:
1160 Beacon Street
Brookline, MA 02446

Telephone: 617.732.9770
Facsimile: 617.732.9111 fax


Archived Materials at Countway Library:

Place of Birth:
Yonkers, New York

1957 B.A. Wesleyan University
1961 M.D. Harvard Medical School
1997 D.H.L. (hon.), Becker College
2000 D.P.S. (hon.), Cedar Crest College
2002 D.H.L. (hon.), Lasell College
2007 D.H.L. (hon.), Massachusetts School of Professional Psychology

Postdoctoral Training | Internships and Residencies:

1961-1962 Straight Medical Intern, Medicine, King County Hospital, Seattle
1962-1963 Assistant Resident in Medicine, University Hospital, University of Washington, Seattle

Clinical and Research Fellowships:

1963-1965 Surgeon, National Heart Institute, Bethesda (United States Public Health Service)
1964-1965 Research Assistant, Department of Medicine, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico
1965-1967 Research Fellow in Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Research and Clinical Fellow in Medicine, Thorndike Memorial Laboratory, Boston City Hospital
1967-1968 Research Fellow in Physiology, Harvard Medical School

Licensure and Certification:

1965 Board of Registration in Medicine, Massachusetts

Academic Appointments:

1969 Instructor in Physiology, Harvard Medical School
1969 Instructor in Medicine, Harvard Medical School
1970-1972 Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
1972-1977 Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
1977-1987 Associate Professor of Medicine at the Beth Israel Hospital, Harvard Medical School
1987-1992 Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
1992- Mind/Body Medical Institute Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School

Hospital or Affiliated Institution Appointments:

1967-1971 Assistant Visiting Physician, II and IV Medical Service (Harvard), Boston City Hospital
1969-1974 Research Associate, Thorndike Memorial Laboratory, Boston City Hospital
1971-1974 Associate Visiting Physician, Harvard Medical Unit, Boston City Hospital
1974- Associate Physician, Beth Israel Hospital
1986-1990 Active Provisional Staff, New England Deaconess Hospital
1990- Active Staff, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
2006- Physician, Massachusetts General Hospital
2007- Associate Member, Medical Staff, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Medical Department

Other Professional Positions and Major Visiting Appointments:

1967-1969 Medical Foundation Fellow
1969-1977 Consultant in Cardiology, Cambridge City Hospital
1988 President, Mind/Body Medical Institute
1990-1997 Lecturer in Medicine and Religion, Andover Newton Theological School, Newton Centre
2006- Director Emeritus, Benson-Henry Institute for Mind Body Medicine at Massachusetts General Hospital

Hospital and Health Care Organization Service Responsibilities:

1969-1974 Member, Hypertension Clinic, Boston City Hospital
1974-1979 Attending Physician, Division of Cardiology, Beth Israel Hospital
1975-1978 Attending Physician, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Hospital

Major Administrative Responsibilities:

1970-1972 Assistant Program Director, General Clinical Research Center, Harvard Medical Unit, Boston City Hospital
1972-1978 Program Director, General Clinical Research Center, 1972-1974 at the Harvard Medical Unit, Boston City Hospital and 1974-1978 at the Beth Israel Hospital
1974-1987 Director, Hypertension Section, Beth Israel Hospital
1977-1978 Director, Behavioral Medicine Section, Beth Israel Hospital
1978-1987 Director, Division of Behavioral Medicine, Beth Israel Hospital
1983-1987 Co-Director, Brigham-Beth Israel Hospitals Hypertension Center
1987-1990 Chief, Section on Behavioral Medicine, New England Deaconess Hospital
1988-2002 President, Mind Body Medical Institute, (NEDH Corp; Pathway), CareGroup
1990-2002 Chief, Division of Behavioral Medicine, New England Deaconess Hospital
2002-2006 President, Mind/Body Medical Institute

Major Committee Assignments:
Harvard Medical School:

1960-1961 Boylston Medical Society
1974-1975 President, Boylston Medical Society
1969-1974 Tutor in Medical Sciences
1969-1977 Advisor to Members of the Harvard Classes of 1971-1977 and Subcommittee on Electives and Tutorial
1970-1975 Financial Aid for Medical Students Committee
1970-1980 Internship Advisor
1974-1977 Committee on Medical Research
1974-1977 Founding Chairman, Committee on Human Studies
1978-1988 Laurence B. Ellis Lecture Committee
1978-1980 Walter Bradford Cannon Student-Faculty Society
1979-1985 Chairman, Committee on Medical Research
1980 Committee on Continuing Education in the Medical School
1985-1988 Faculty Council
1987-1989 Subcommittee on Courses and Credits

Affiliated Institutions:

1972-1974 Founding Chairman, Committee on Human Studies of the Harvard-Affiliated Services, Boston City Hospital
1972-1974 Human Studies Committee, Boston City Hospital
1973-1988 Committee on Clinical Investigation, Beth Israel Hospital
1975-1977 Personnel Committee, Beth Israel Hospital
1990-1991 Institutional Review Board, New England Deaconess Hospital

National and Regional

1972 Consultant, National Institutes of Mental Health
1973 Expert Consultant, Special Action Office for Drug Abuse Prevention, Executive Office of the President, Washington, D.C.
1977-1979 Behavioral Medicine Study Section, National Heart, Blood and Lung Institute, National Institutes of Health
1977-1978 Chairperson, Steering Committee, Boston Health Promotion Council
1978-1980 Chairman, Committee on Community Health and Education, The Medical Foundation
1978-1997 Board of Directors, The Medical Foundation
1981-1982 Advisory Group, The MacArthur Foundation
1981 Chairman, Behavioral Medicine Special Study Section, National Institutes of Health
1984-1990 Advisory Board, American Health Magazine
1985-1988 Board of Advisors, United States Committee, United Nations Lumbini Project
1986-1988 Board of Directors, Society for Tibetan Medicine
1987-1988 Board of Editors, Healthy People
1988-1990 Health Advisory Board, Kelly Communications
1991-2003 Board of Advisors, Center for Humility Theology, John Templeton Foundation
1993 Chairperson, Alternative Medicine Study Section, National Institutes of Health
1994 Alternative Medicine Study Section, National Institutes of Health

Professional Societies:

1956 Sigma Xi
1963-1965 American Medical Association
1965 Massachusetts Medical Society
1968 American Association for the Advancement of Science
1969 American Federation for Clinical Research
1969 Massachusetts Heart Association
1969 American Heart Association
1970-1972 American Physiological Society
1972-1975 Board of Directors, Greater Boston Chapter, Massachusetts Heart Association
1974-1976 American Psychosomatic Society
1975-1996 American College of Cardiology
1976 Medical Advisory Board of the Council for High Blood Pressure Research, American Heart Association
1978-1982 Academy of Behavioral Medicine Research
1978- Society of Behavioral Medicine, President, 1985-1986

Community Service Related to Professional Work

1978-1997 The Medical Foundation (1997) Honorary Director

Editorial Boards:

1974-1991 Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
1974-1985 Journal of Biofeedback and Self Regulation
1974-1993 Behavioral Medicine (formerly Journal of Human Stress), Executive Editor (1981-1993)
1977-1988 Associate Editor, Journal of Behavioral Medicine
1980-1982 Chairman, Editorial Board, Massachusetts Journal of Community Health
1983-1993 Journal of Psychiatric Research
1993-1997 Co-Editor-in-Chief, Mind/Body Medicine

Awards and Honors:

1958-1959 President, Harvard Medical School Class of 1961
1961 Mosby Scholarship Award, Harvard Medical School
1961 Permanent Vice-President, Harvard Medical School Class of 1961
1967-1969 Medical Foundation Fellow
1974-1975 President, Boylston Medical Society
1976 Fellow, American College of Cardiology
1976 Medical Self-Care Award for 1976
1985-1986 President, Society of Behavioral Medicine
1985 Visiting Professor, Shanghai College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
1986- Fellow, Society of Behavioral Medicine
1986- Wiegand Inaugural Lecturer, 1986, University of Toronto
1988 Honorary President, Chinese Society of Behavioral Medicine and Biofeedback
1988- President, Benson-Henry Institute
1990 Joseph Garland Memorial Lecturer, The Boston Medical Library
1990 Special Invited Lecturer, Japanese Society of Autogenic Training, Tokyo, Japan
1992 Bowles Chapel Lecturer, Memorial Healthcare System, Houston, Texas
1992- Benson-Henry Institute Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School
1992 Herbert Benson Professorship in the Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School (to be activated upon retirement of Herbert Benson)
1992 Distinguished Alumnus Award, Wesleyan University
1992 William James Lecture of Religious Experience Lecturer, Harvard Divinity School
1994 Master Lecturer, Society of Behavioral Medicine
1995 Greenville Hospital System, Distinguished Lecturer, Greenville, South Carolina
1997 Honorary Director, The Medical Foundation
1997 Honorary Doctorate of Human Letters, Becker College, Worcester, Massachusetts
1997 Irving M. Rosen Memorial Lecturer, Butler Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island
1998 Norman Vincent Peale Lectureship, Penn State Geisenger Health System, Hershey, Pennsylvania
1999 Distinguished Lecturer, American Psychological Association
1999 Zacharias Lecture, Bon Secours St. Mary's Hospital, Richmond, Virginia
2000 Hans Seyle Award
2002 Bouve Lecturer, Northeastern University
2002 Presidential Citation, American Psychological Association
2002 National Samaritan Award, The Samaritan Institute
2004 AOA Lecture, Case Western Reserve University
2004 AOA Lecture, University of Minnesota
2005 Cascieri Lectureship in the Humanities, Boston Architectural Center
2006 First Visiting Professor in Integrative Medicine, Weill Medical College of Cornell University
2006 Benson-Henry Institute for Mind Body Medicine at Massachusetts General Hospital was founded

PART II: Research, Teaching and Clinical Contributions

A. Narrative report:

Dr. Benson is the Mind/Body Medical Institute Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, and the founding President of the Mind/Body Medical Institute. A graduate of Wesleyan University and the Harvard Medical School, he is the author or co-author of over 175 scientific publications and 11 books: The Relaxation Response, 1975; The Mind/Body Effect, 1979; Beyond the Relaxation Response, 1984; Your Maximum Mind, 1987; The Wellness Book, 1992; and Timeless Healing: The Power and Biology of Belief, 1996, The Relaxation Response – Updated and Expanded (25th Anniversary Edition), 2000; The Breakout Principle (co-authored with William Proctor), 2003; Mind Over Menopause(co-authored with Leslee Kagan), 2004, Mind Your Heart (co-authored with Aggie Casey), 2004 and The Harvard Medical School Guide to Lowering Your Blood Pressure (co-authored with Aggie Casey), 2006. More than four million copies of Dr. Benson's books have been printed.

Dr. Benson is widely acknowledged as a pioneer in the fields of behavioral medicine and mind/body studies, as well as in spirituality and healing in medicine. His career has been one of leadership in teaching, clinical activities, administration and research. His research defined the relaxation response, the physiological counterpart of the fight or flight response. He continues to lead research into its basic physiology and efficacy of the relaxation response in counteracting the harmful effects of stress. The recipient of national and international awards, he lectures widely and delivers scores of presentations yearly. Dr. Benson's research extends from the laboratory to the clinic and to Asian field expeditions. His work serves as a bridge between medicine and spirituality, East and West, mind and body, as well as between belief and science.

Through his testimonies before the U.S. House and Senate, Dr. Benson has been instrumental in having scores of millions of dollars appropriated to the National Institutes of Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for mind/body, behavioral medicine research.

In 1988, Dr. Benson became founding president of the Mind/Body Medical Institute and remained in that position until 2006 when the Mind/Body Medical Institute ceased to exist. At that time, the Benson-Henry Institute for Mind Body Medicine at Massachusetts General Hospital was founded and he became its Director, Emeritus.

Harvard University has honored his many contributions by the establishment of the Herbert Benson Professorship in Medicine, which will be activated upon his retirement.

B. Funding Information
(Funding from individuals and organizations of less than $25,000 are not included)

1972-1974 NIH/RO1 PI
  Behavioral Approach to Clinical Hypertension
1974-1978 NIMH/RO1 PI PI
  Therapy of Anxiety: A New Psychophysiologic Approach
1978-1988 NIH/5T Associate Program Director  
  Cardiovascular Research Training Program: Multidisciplinary, Behavioral, Cardiomyopathies
1978-1991 NIH/RO1 PI
  Cardiovascular Behavior and the Relaxation Response
1980-1981 National Science Foundation PI
  American Institute of Indian Studies
  g Tum-mo Yoga Investigations
1980-1989 The John E. Fetzer Foundation PI
  Investigation of Tibetan Meditation and Traditional Chinese Medicine and General Research Support
1982 National Science Foundation PI
  American Institute of Indian Studies
  g Tum-mo Yoga Investigations
1985-1987 Joan B. Kroc Foundation PI
  Behavioral Intervention in Cancer Patients
1985-1987 Advanced Medical Research Foundation PI
  Cancer and Behavioral Interventions
1985-1987 The Ruth Mott Fund PI
  Integration of Effective Self-Help Technologies with Those of Modern Medicine
1986 Yolande Jurzykowski PI
  Neurochemical and Neurophysiologic Changes Associated with Meditation
1987-1992 Laurance S. Rockefeller PI
  The Effects of the Relaxation Response and Spiritual Experiences on Health
1987-1988 National Science Foundation PI
  American Institute of Indian Studies
  g Tum-mo Yoga Investigations
1988-1990 Adolf Coors Foundation PI
  General Research Support
1988-1990 A. Joshua Sherman and George S. Warberg PI
  General Research Fellow Support
1990-1992 Wood-Rill Foundation CoPI
  The Effects of Moderate and Low Intensity Exercise and Exercise Plus the Relaxation Response on the Health Status of Adults
1991-1993 The Nathan Cummings Foundation PI
  Model Relaxation Response Health Curriculum for Troubled and Healthy Adolescents
1992-1993 Ester A. and Joseph Klingenstein Fund PI
  The Use of Relaxation Response-based Interventions in the Treatment of Epilepsy
1992-1994 Fetzer Institute PI
  A New National Health Curriculum for High Schools to Alleviate the Harmful Effects of Stress
1990-1996 Advanced Medical Research Foundation PI
  Preoperative Relaxation Response Training in Open Heart Surgery Patients
1993-1995 David Kriser PI
  Relaxation Response for Stress in High School Students and Their Teachers
1994-1998 The California Wellness Foundation PI
  An Innovative Program to Decrease School Violence
1994-1998 Amelior Foundation PI
  An Innovative Program to Decrease School Violence
1994 Castle Rock Foundation CoPI
  Development of the Center for Training in Mind/Body Medicine
1994 William K. Coors CoPI
  Development of the Center for Training in Mind/Body Medicine
1994-1998 Sam Wyly Fund of the Communities Foundation of Texas, Inc. PI
  Gallop Survey of Health Habits
1994-1998 Charles J. Wyly Fund of the Communities Foundation of Texas, Inc. PI
  Gallop Survey of Health Habits
1995-1998 Laurance C. Rockefeller CoPI
  Development of the Center for Training in Mind/Body Medicine
1995-2000 State Street Foundation
An Innovative Program to Decrease School Violence
1995-2000 Fetzer Institute
Dynamics of Meditation
1999-2000 VHA
Evaluation of a New Experience Protocol:Initial Studies of Cardiovascular and Immune System Function
1995-2003 The Procter & Gamble Company PI
  Unrestricted Research
1996-2006 John Templeton Foundation PI
  The Therapeutic Effects of Intercessory Prayer: A Replication and Expansion Study
2000-2004 Kalpa Foundation PI
  Mind/Body Studies of Tibetan Buddhism

C. Report of Current Research Activities

2000- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Mechanisms and Therapeutic Effects of the Relaxation Response
2004- Advanced Medical Research Foundation
Complimentary Medicine Therapies in Prostate Cancer
Patients Receiving Hormonal, Chemotherapy and Radiation Interventions
2006- Soto Buddhist Order in Japan
Physiologic changes during the practice of Soto Buddhist meditation

D. Report of Teaching (Summary of 35+ years)
1. Local contributions
Harvard Medical School

1966-1973 Physiology and Pathophysiology of the Circulation Course
Conference Leader (years 1-8)
Lecturer (years 1-8)
20 Medical Students (conferences)
Entire First Year Class (lectures)
1974-1991 Cardiovascular Pathophysiology Course
Lecturer (years 1-17)
Entire Second Year Class
1978-1982 Behavioral Medicine Elective Course
Lecturer (years 1-4)
Approximately 10 medical students
1979- Behavioral Medicine-Clinical Training in Mind/Body
Medicine Post Graduate Course
Lecturer (years 1-)
25-60 Post graduate health professionals (held three times
yearly for the last seven years)
1995- Spirituality and Healing in Medicine Post Graduate Course
Lecturer (years 1-)
400-1050 Post graduate health professionals (held two times yearly)
1999- Spirituality and Healing in Medicine Elective Course
Approximately 10 medical students
2004- Mind Body Medicine Course Lecturer
Approximately 20 medical students

Leadership Roles

1974- The following courses led by Dr. Benson have consistently achieved some of the highest ratings at Harvard Medical School.
1974-1988 Chairman of the Cardiovascular Pathophysiology Course
1989-1991 Co-Chairman of the Cardiovascular Pathophysiology Course
1978-1982 Founder and Chairman of the Behavioral Medicine Elective Course
1979 Founder and Director of the Behavioral Medicine-Clinical Training in Mind/Body Medicine Post Graduate Course
1995-1998 Founder and Director of the Spirituality and Healing in Medicine Post Graduate Course
1999- Co-Founder and Co-Chairman of Spirituality and Healing in Medicine Course
2000 Co-Founder and Participant in Skills Training for Mind/Body Change Post Graduate Course
2001-2002 Founder and Co-Director of Science and Mind/Body Medicine Post Graduate Course
2004 Co-Founder and Director of Mind Body Medicine Course

2. Regional, national, and international contributions
Invited Presentations (Summary 1980-present)

1980- More than 50 yearly invited presentations including grand rounds, panel contributions, professional society meetings and keynote addresses to professional and lay audiences. These total more than 1,000 presentations and are thus too numerous to list individually for this document.

E. Report of Clinical Activities

1970 - A major clinical contribution of Dr. Benson is that he is one of the world's founders of the fields of Behavioral Medicine and Mind/Body Medicine. Dr. Benson conducts an outpatient referral practice for patients suffering from stress-related clinical conditions. He has done so at the Boston City Hospital, the Beth Israel Hospital, Deaconess Hospital, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Massachusetts General Hospital. He is also responsible for the mind/body medicine programs at the Mind/Body Medical Institute that have over 7000 patient visits per year. As founder of the Divisions of Behavioral Medicine at each of the above hospitals and later founding President of the Mind/Body Medical Institute, Dr. Benson and his colleagues have trained thousands of health care professionals in mind/body clinical approaches. When the Mind/Body Medical Institute ceased to exist, Dr. Benson continued his clinical activities under the aegis of the Division of Cardiology at the Massachusetts General Hospital.

PART III: Bibliography
Original Articles


  1. Costas R Jr, Garcia-Palmieri MR, Feliberti M, Benson H, Blanton JH, Aixala R. Accuracy of death certification in metropolitan San Juan. Bol Assoc Med Puerto Rico 1964;56:411-23.
  2. Garcia-Palmieri MR, Feliberti M, Costas R Jr, Benson H, Blanton JH, Aixala R. Coronary heart disease mortality: A death certificate study. J Chronic Dis 1965;18:1317-23.
  3. Blanton JH, Rodriquez M, Costas R Jr, Benson H, Aixala R, Garcia-Palmieri MR. A dietary study of urban and rural males in Puerto Rico. Am J Clin Nutr 1966;18:169-75.
  4. Benson H, Costas R Jr, Garcia-Palmieri MR, Feliberti M, Aixala R, Blanton JH, Colon AA. Coronary heart disease risk factors: A comparison of two Puerto Rican populations. Am J Public Health 1966;56:1057-60.
  5. Truett JT, Benson H, Balke B. On the practicability of submaximal exercise testing. J Chronic Dis 1966;19:711-5.
  6. Skinner JS, Benson H, McDonough JR, Hames CG. Social status, physical activity and coronary proneness. J Chronic Dis 1966;19:773-83.
  7. Benson H, Ellis LB, Harken DE. The effect of preoperative systemic blood pressure on closed mitral valvuloplasty. A study of 1,630 patients with up to 15-year follow-up. Am Heart J 1968;75:439-48.
  8. Ellis LB, Benson H, Harken DE. The effect of age and other factors on the early and late results following closed mitral valvuloplasty. (A study of 1,817 patients). Am Heart J 1968;75:743-51.
  9. Benson H, Herd JA, Morse WH, Kelleher RT. The behavioral induction of arterial hypertension and its reversal. Am J Physiol 1969;217:30-4.
  10. Benson H, Akbarian M, Adler LN, Agelmann WH. Hemodynamic effects of pneumonia. I. Normal and hypodynamic responses. J Clin Invest 1970;49:791-8.
  11. Kumar R, Wallace WA, Ramirez A, Benson H, Abelmann WH. Hemodynamic effects of pneumonia. II. Expansion of plasma volume. J Clin Invest 1970;49:799-805.
  12. Benson H, Herd JA, Morse WH, Kelleher, RT. Hypotensive effects of chlordiazepoxide, amobarbital, and chlorpromazine on behaviorally induced elevated blood pressure in the squirrel monkey. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 1970;173:399-406.
  13. Benson H, Herd JA, Morse WH, Kelleher RT. Behaviorally induced hypertension in the squirrel monkey. Circ Res Suppl 1970;I 26-27:21-26.
  14. Benson H, Shapiro D, Tursky B, Schwartz GE. Decreased systolic blood pressure through operant conditioning techniques in patients with essential hypertension. Science 1971;173:
  15. Wallace RK, Benson H, Wilson AF. A wakeful hypometabolic physiologic state. Am J Physiol 1971;221:795-9.
  16. Benson H, Malvea BP, Graham JR. Physiologic correlates of meditation and their clinical effects in headache: An ongoing investigation. Headache 1973;13:23-24.
  17. Benson H, Beary JF, Carol MP. The relaxation response. Psychiatry 1974;37:37-46.
  18. Benson H. Decreased alcohol intake associated with the practice of meditation: A retrospective investigation. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1974;233:174-7.
  19. Benson H, Rosner BA, Marzetta BR, Klemchuk HM. Decreased blood pressure in pharmacologically treated hypertensive patients who regularly elicited the relaxation response. Lancet 1974;i:289-91.
  20. Beary JF, Benson H. A simple psychophysiologic technique which elicits the hypometabolic changes of the relaxation response. Psychosom Med 1974;36:115-20.
  21. Benson H, Klemchuk HP, Graham JR. The usefulness of the relaxation response in the therapy of headache. Headache 1974;14:49-52.
  22. Benson H, Rosner BA, Marzetta BR, Klemchuk H. Decreased blood pressure in borderline hypertensive subjects who practiced meditation. J Chronic Dis 1974;27:163-9.
  23. Benson H, Steinert RF, Greenwood MM, Klemchuk HM, Peterson NH. Continuous measurement of O2 consumption and CO2 elimination during a wakeful hypometabolic state. J Human Stress 1975;1:37-44.
  24. Benson H, Epstein MD. The placebo effect--a neglected asset in the care of patients. JAMA 1975;232:1225-7.
  25. Benson H, Alexander S, Feldman CL. Decreased premature ventricular contractions through the use of the relaxation response in patients with stable ischemic heart disease. Lancet 1975;ii:380-2.
  26. Benson H, Greenwood MM, Klemchuk H. The relaxation response: Psychophysiologic aspects and clinical applications. Psychiatry Med 1975;6:87-98.
  27. Greenwood MM, Benson H. The efficacy of progressive relaxation in systematic desensitization and a proposal for an alternative competitive response - the relaxation response. Behav Res Ther 1977;15:337-43.
  28. Peters RK, Benson H, Porter D. Daily relaxation response breaks in a working population: 1. Health, performance and well-being. Am J Public Health 1977;67:946-53.
  29. Peters RK, Benson H, Peters JM. Daily relaxation response breaks in a working population: 2. Blood pressure. Am J Public Health 1977;67:954-9.
  30. Benson H, Greenwood MM. Metabolic changes during the prodrome of a migraine headache. Headache. 1978; 17:248-9.
  31. Benson H, Dryer T, Hartley LH. Decreased oxygen consumption during exercise with elicitation of the relaxation response. J Human Stress 1978;4:38-42.
  32. Benson H, Frankel FH, Apfel R, Daniels MD, Schniewind HE, Nemiah JC, Sifneos PE, Crassweller KD, Greenwood MM, Kotch JB, Arns PA, Rosner B. Treatment of anxiety: A comparison of the usefulness of self-hypnosis and a meditational relaxation technique. Psychother Psychosom 1978;30:229-42.
  33. Frankel FH, Apfel RJ, Kelly SF, Benson H, Quint T, Newmark J, Malmaud R. The use of hypnotizability scales in the clinic: A review after six years. Int J Clin Exp Hypn 1979;37:63-73.
  34. Benson H, McCallie DP Jr. Angina pectoris and the placebo effect. N Engl J Med 1979;300:1424-9.
  35. Carrington P, Collings GH Jr, Benson H, Robinson H, Wood LW, Lehrer PM, Woolfolk RL, Cole JW. The use of meditation-relaxation techniques for the management of stress in a working population. J Occup Med 1980;22:22-31.
  36. Borysenko M, Turesky S, Borysenko JZ, Quimby F, Benson H. Stress and dental caries in the rat. J Behav Med 1980;3:233-43.
  37. Bear D, Schenk L, Benson H. Increased autonomic response to neural and emotional stimuli in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. Am J Psychiatry 1981;138:843-5.
  38. Benson H, Arns PA, Hoffman JW. The relaxation response and hypnosis. Int J Clin Exp Hypn 1981;29:259-70.
  39. Hoffman JW, Benson H, Arns PA, Stainbrook GL, Landsberg L, Young JB, Gill A. Reduced sympathetic nervous system responsivity associated with the relaxation response. Science 1982;215:190-2.
  40. Benson H, Lehmann JW, Malhotra MS, Goldman RF, Hopkins J, Epstein MD. Body temperature changes during the practice of g tum-mo (heat) yoga. Nature 1982;295:234-6.
  41. Benson H. Body temperature changes during the practice of g Tum-mo yoga. (Matters Arising) Nature 1982;298:402.
  42. Crary B, Borysenko M, Sutherland DC, Kutz I, Borysenko JZ, Benson H. Decrease in mitogen responsiveness of mononuclear cells from peripheral blood following epinephrine administration in humans. J Immun 1983;130:694-7.
  43. Jemmott JB, Borysenko JZ, Borysenko M, McClelland DC, Chapman R, Meyer D, Benson H. Academic stress, power motivation, and decrease in salivary secretory immunoglobulin A secretion rate. Lancet 1983;1:1400-2.
  44. Crary B, Hauser SL, Borysenko M, Kutz I, Hoban C, Weiner HL, Benson H. Epinephrine-induced changes in the distribution of lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood of humans. J Immunol 1983;131:1178-81.
  45. Kutz I, Borysenko JZ, Benson H. Meditation and psychotherapy: A rationale for the integration of dynamic psychotherapy, the relaxation response and mindfulness meditation. Am J Psychiatry 1985;142:1-8.
  46. Pomeranz B, Macaulay RJB, Caudill MA, Kutz I, Adam D, Gordon D, Kilborn K, Barger AC, Shannon DC, Cohen RJ, Benson H. Assessment of autonomic function in man by heart rate spectral analysis. Am J Physiol 1985;248:H151-3.
  47. Kutz I, Lesermen, J, Dorrington C, Morrison CH, Borysenko J, Benson H. Meditation as an adjunct to psychotherapy: an outcome study. Psychother Psychosom 1985;43:209-18.
  48. Fentress DW, Masek BJ, Mehegan JE, Benson H. Biofeedback and relaxation-response training in the treatment of pediatric migraine. Dev Med Child Neurol 1986;28:139-46.
  49. Lehmann JW, Goodale IL, Benson H. Reduced pupillary sensitivity to topical phenylephrine associated with the relaxation response. J Human Stress 1986;12:101-4.
  50. Stuart EM, Caudill M, Leserman J, Dorrington C, Friedman R, Benson H. Non-pharmacologic treatment of hypertension: a multiple risk-factor approach. J Cardiovasc Nurs 1987;1:1-14.
  51. Domar AD, Noe JM, Ransil B, Benson H. The preoperative use of the relaxation response with ambulatory surgery patients. J Human Stress 1987;13:101-7.
  52. Shannon DC, Carley DW, Benson H. Aging of modulation of heart rate. AM J Physiol 1987;253:H874-7.
  53. Leserman J, Stuart EM, Mamish ME, Benson H.. The efficacy of the relaxation response in preparing for cardiac surgery. Behav Med 1989;5:111-7.
  54. Leserman J, Stuart EM, Mamish ME, Deckro JP, Beckam RJ, Friedman R, Benson H. Nonpharmacologic intervention for hypertension: Long term follow-up. J Cardiopulmonary Rehabil. 1989; 9:316-24.
  55. Mandle CL, Domar AD, Harrington DP, Leserman J, Bozadjian EM, Friedman R, Benson H. The relaxation response in femoral arteriography. Radiology 1990;174:737-9.
  56. Goodale IL, Domar AD, Benson H. Alleviation of premenstrual syndrome symptoms with the relaxation response. Obstet Gynecol 1990;75:649-55.
  57. Domar AD, Seibel MS, Benson H. The mind/body program for infertility: A new behavioral treatment approach for women with infertility. Fertil Steril 1990;53:246-9.
  58. Benson H, Malhotra MS, Goldman RF, Jacobs GD, Hopkins PJ. Three case reports of the metabolic and electroencephalographic changes during advanced Buddhist meditative techniques. Behav Med 1990;16:90-5.
  59. Hellman CJC, Budd M, Borysenko J, McClelland DC, Benson H. A study of the effectiveness of two group behavioral medicine interventions for patients with psychosomatic complaints. Behav Med 1990;16:165-73.
  60. Kass JD, Friedman R, Leserman J, Zuttermeister PC, Benson H. Health outcome and a new index of spiritual experience. J Sci Stud Religion 1991;30:203-11.
  61. Kass JD, Friedman R, Leserman J, Caudill M, Zuttermeister PC, Benson H. An inventory of positive psychological attitudes with potential relevance to health outcomes: Validation and preliminary testing. Behav Med 1991;17:121-9.
  62. Caudill M, Schnable R, Zuttermeister P, Benson H, Friedman R. Decreased clinic utilization by chronic pain patients: Response to Behavioral Medicine intervention. Clin J Pain 1991;7:305-10.
  63. Myers SS, Benson H. Psychological factors in healing: A new perspective on an old debate. Behav Med 1992;18:5-11.
  64. Domar AD, Zuttermeister P, Seibel M, Benson H. Psychological improvement in infertile women after behavioral treatment: A replication. Fertil Steril 1992;58:144-7.
  65. Jacobs GD, Rosenberg PA, Friedman R, Matheson J, Guerry PM, Domar AD, Benson H. Multifactor behavioral treatment of chronic sleep-onset insomnia using stimulus control and the relaxation response: A preliminary study. Behav Mod 1993;17:498-509.
  66. Jacobs GD, Benson H, Friedman R. Home-based central nervous system assessment of multifactor behavioral intervention for chronic sleep-onset insomnia. Behav Ther 1993;24:159-74.
  67. Benson H, Kornhaber A, Kornhaber C, LeChanu MN, Zuttermeister PC, Myers P, Friedman R. Increases in positive psychological characteristics with a new relaxation-response curriculum in high school students. J Res Dev Ed 1994;
  68. Jacobs SC, Friedman R, Parker JD, Tofler GH, Jimanez AH, Muller JE, Benson H, Stone PH. Use of skin conductance changes during mental stress testing as an index of autonomic arousal in cardiovascular research. Am Heart J 1994;
  69. Middleman MA, Maclure M, Sherwood JB, Mulry RP, Tofler GH, Jacobs SC, Friedman R, Benson H, Muller JE. Triggering of acute myocardial infarction onset by episodes of anger. Circulation. 1995; 92: 1720-5.
  70. Jacobs GD, Benson H, Friedman R. Perceived benefits in a behavioral-medicine insomnia program a clinical report. Am J Med 1996;100:212-6.
  71. Jacobs GD, Benson H. Topographic EEG mapping of the relaxation response. Biofeed Selfreg 1996; 21: 1-7.
  72. Peng CK, Mietus JE, Liu Y, Khalsa G, Douglas PS, Benson H, Goldberger AI. Exaggerated heart rate oscillations during two meditation techniques. Int J Cardiol, 1999; 70:101-7.
  73. Benson H, Dusek JA. Self-reported health, illness and the use of conventional, unconventional medicine, and mind/body, spiritual healing in Christian Scientists and others. J Nerv Ment Dis, 1999; 186:539-48.
  74. Tasiemski A, Salzet M, Benson H, Fricchione GL, Bilfinger TV, Goumon Y, Metz-Boutigue MH, Aunis D, Stefano GB. The presence of antibacterial and opioid peptides in human plasma during coronary artery bypass surgery. J Neuroimmunol, 2000; 109:228-35.
  75. Lazar SW, Bush G, Gollub RL, Fricchione GL, Khalsa G, Benson H. Functional brain mapping of the relaxation response and meditation. NeuroReport, 2000; 11:1581-85.
  76. Benson H, Wilcher M, Greenberg B, Higgins E, Ennis M, Zuttermeister PC, Myers P, Friedman R. Academic performance among middle-school students after exposure to a relaxation response curriculum. J Res Dev Ed, 2000; 33:156-65.
  77. Nakao M, Fricchione G, Myers P, Zuttermeister PC, Baim M, Mandle, CL, Medich C, Wells-Federman CL, Arcari PM, Ennis M, Barsky, AJ, Benson H. Anxiety is a good indicator for somatic symptom reduction through a behavioral medicine intervention in a mind/body medicine clinic. Psychother Psychosom, 2001; 70:50-7.
  78. Stefano GB, Murga J, Benson H, Zhu W, Bilfinger TV, Magazine, HI. Nitric oxide inhibits norepinephrine stimulated contraction of human internal thoracic artery and rat aorta. Pharmacol Res, 2001;43:199-203.
  79. Nakao M, Fricchione G, Zuttermeister PC, Myers P, Barsky AJ, Benson H. Effects of gender and marital status on somatic symptoms of patients attending a mind/body medicine clinic. Behav Med, 2001; 26:159-68.
  80. Nakao M, Myers P, Fricchione G, Zuttermeister PC, Barsky AJ, Benson H. Somatization and symptom reduction through a behavioral medicine intervention a mind/body medicine clinic. Behav Med, 2001; 26:169-76.
  81. Nakao M, Fricchione G, Myers P, Zuttermeister PC, Barsky AJ, Benson H. Depression and education as predicting factors for completion of behavioral medicine intervention in a mind/body medicine clinic. Behav Med, 2001; 26:177-84.
  82. Dusek JA, Sherwood JB, Friedman R, Myers P, Bethea CF, Levitsky S, Hill PC, Jain MK, Kopecky SL, Mueller PS, Lam P, Benson H. Study of the therapeutic effects of intercessory prayer (STEP): study design and research methods. Am Heart J 2002; 143:577-84.
  83. Deckro GR, Ballinger KM, Hoyt M, Wilcher M, Dusek, J, Myers P, Greenberg B, Rosenthal DS, Benson H. The evaluation of a mind/body intervention to reduce psychological distress and perceived stress in college students. J Am Coll Health 2002; 281-7.
  84. Peng C-K, Henry IC, Mietus JE, Hausdorff JM, Khalsa G, Benson H, Goldberger AL. Heart rate dynamics during three forms of meditation. Int J Cardiol, 2004; 95:19-27.
  85. Lazar SW, Kerr CE, Wasserman RH, Gray JR, Greve DN, Treadway MT, McCarvey M, Quinn BT, Dusek, JA, Benson H, Rausch SL, Moore CI, Fischl B. Meditation experience is associated with increased cortical thickness. NeuroReport, 2005; 16:1893-7.
  86. Dusek JA, Chang BH, Zaki J, Lazar S, Deykin A, Stefano GB, Wohlhueter AL, Hibberd PL, Benson H. Association between oxygen consumption and nitric oxide production during the relaxation response. Med Sci Monit, 2006; 12: CR1-10.
  87. Benson H, Dusek JA, Sherwood JB, Lam P, Bethea CF, Carpenter W, Levitsky S, Hill P, Clem Jr. DW, Jain MK, Drumel D, Kopecky SL, Mueller PS, Marek D, Rollins S, Hibberd PL. Study of the therapeutic effects of intercessory prayer (STEP) in cardiac bypass patients - a multi-center randomized trial of uncertainty and certainty of receiving intercessory prayer. Am Heart J, (in press).
  88. Galvin JA, Benson H, Deckro GR, Fricchione GL, Dusek JA. The relaxation response: Reducing stress and improving cognition in healthy aging adults. Comp Ther Clin Prac, 2006; 12:186-91.

Reviews, Chapters, and Editorials

  1. Benson H. Yoga for drug abuse. New England Journal of Medicine 1969;281:1133 (letter to the editor).
  2. Goldsmith RS, Arnaud CD, Benson H. Comparison of metabolic and hemodynamic responses to phosphate and calcitonin in Paget's disease of bone. In: Immunopathology of inflammation. Excerpta Medica International Congress Series, 1970;229:257-66.
  3. Gutmann MC, Benson H. Interaction of environmental factors and systemic arterial blood pressure: A review. Medicine 1971;50:543-53.
  4. Benson H. How antihypertensive drugs act: A physiologic approach. Consultant. 1972;12:23-4.
  5. Benson H, Wallace RK. Decreased drug abuse with Transcendental Meditation: A study of 1,861 subjects. In: Zarafonetis CJD, ed. Drug abuse-proceedings of the international conference. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger, 1972:369-76.
  6. Marzetta BR, Benson H, Wallace RK. Combating drug dependency in young people: A new approach. Counterpoint 1972;4:13-36.
  7. Wallace RK, Benson H. The physiology of meditation. Sci Am 1972;226:84-90.
  8. Benson H. Methods of blood pressure recording: 1733-1971. In: Onestic G, Kim KE, Moyer JH, eds. Hypertension: mechanisms and management. New York: Grune and Stratton, 1973:119-23.
  9. Benson H. Conditioned modifications of blood pressure. In: Onesti G, Kim KE, Moyer JH, eds. Hypertension: mechanisms and management. New York: Grune and Stratton, 1973:119-23.
  10. Benson H. Transcendental meditation science or cult? JAMA 1974;227:807.
  11. Benson H. Your innate asset for combating stress. Harvard Business Review 1974;52:49-60.
  12. Benson H, Gutmann MC. The relation of environmental factors to systemic arterial hypertension. In: Eliot RS, ed. Contemporary problems in cardiology, vol. I. Stress and the heart. Mt. Kisco, New York: Futura, 1974:13-31.
  13. Benson H, Marzetta BR, Rosner BA. Decreased blood pressure associated with the regular elicitation of the relaxation response: a study of hypertensive subjects. In: Eliot RS, ed. Contemporary problems in cardiology, vol. I. Stress and the heart. Mt. Kisco, New York: Futura, 1974:293-302.
  14. Shapiro D, Schwartz GE, Benson H. Biofeedback: a behavioral approach to cardiovascular self-control. In: Eliot RS, ed. Contemporary problems in cardiology, vol. I. Stress and the heart. Mt. Kisco, New York: Futura, 1974:279-92.
  15. Benson H. The relaxation response and cardiovascular diseases. Chest, Heart, Stroke J 1976;1:28-31.
  16. Benson H, Greenwood MM. Behavioral modifications of blood pressure in man. In: Onesti G, Fernandes M, Kim KE, eds. Regulation of blood pressure by the central nervous system. New York: Grune and Stratton, 1976:119-28.
  17. Benson H, Kotch JB, Crassweller KD. The usefulness of the relaxation response in the treatment of stress-related cardiovascular diseases. J S C Med Assoc 1976;72:50-6.
  18. Benson H. Can hypertension be induced by stress? A case discussion. J Human Stress 1977;3:4-11.
  19. Benson H. Systemic hypertension and the relaxation response. N Engl J Med 1977;296:1152-6.
  20. Benson H, Kotch JB, Crassweller KD. The relaxation response: A bridge between psychiatry and medicine. Med Clin North Am 1977;61:929-38.
  21. Benson H, Kotch JB, Crassweller KD, Greenwood MM. Historical and clinical considerations of the relaxation response. Am Sci 1977;65:441-5.
  22. Benson H, Kotch JB, Crassweller KD. Stress and hypertension: Interrelations and management. In: Onesti G, Brest AM, eds. Hypertension: Mechanisms, diagnosis and treatment. Philadelphia: Davis, 1978:113-24.
  23. Peters RK, Benson H. Time out from tension. Harvard Business Review 1978;56:120-4.
  24. Benson H. Behavioral Medicine: A perspective from within the field of medicine. National Forum 1980;60:3-5.
  25. Benson H. The placebo effect. Harvard Med School Health Letter 1980;5:3-4.
  26. Benson H, Allen RL. How much stress is too much? Harvard Business Review 1980;58:86-92.
  27. Kutz I, Borysenko JZ, Come SE, Benson H. Paradoxical emetic response to antiemetic treatment in cancer patients. N Engl J Med 1980;303:1480 (letter to the editor).
  28. Benson H, Goodale I. The relaxation response: Your inborn capacity to counteract the harmful effects of stress. J Fla Med Assoc 1981; 68:265-7.
  29. Wechsler H, Benson H, Bovey JD. Training of health researchers: Postdoctoral trainees and fellows in Massachusetts. Mass J Community Health 1981;1:30-3.
  30. Benson H. The relaxation response: History, physiologic basis and clinical usefulness. Acta Med Scand 1982;660(Suppl):231-7.
  31. Lehmann JW, Benson H. Nonpharmacologic therapy of blood pressure. Gen Hosp Psychiatry
  32. Stainbrook GL, Hoffman HW, Benson H. Behavioral therapies of hypertension: psychotherapy, biofeedback, and relaxation/meditation. Rev Int Psychol 1983;32:119-35.
  33. Benson H. The relaxation response: Its subjective and objective historical precedents and physiology. TINS 1983;6:281-4.
  34. Lehmann JW, Benson H. The behavioral treatment of hypertension. In: Genest J, Kuchel O, Hamet P, Cantin M, eds. Hypertension: Physiopathology and treatment. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1983:1238-45.
  35. Benson H. The relaxation response: Physiologic basis and clinical applicability. In: Dembroski TM, Schmidt TH, Blumchen G, eds. Biobehavioral bases of coronary heart disease. Besel: Karger, 1983:439-49.
  36. Benson H. Relaxation response and norepinephrine: A new study illuminates mechanisms. Integrative Psychiatry 1983;1:15-19.
  37. Benson H. The author responds. Integrative Psychiatry 1983;1:66-8.
  38. Kutz I, Caudill M, Benson H. The role of relaxation in behavioral therapies of chronic pain. In: Stein JM, Warfield CA, eds. Pain management. Boston: Little Brown, 1983:193-200.
  39. Benson H. The relaxation response and the treatment of anxiety. In: Grinspoon L, ed. Psychiatric update. The American Psychiatric Association annual review vol. III. Washington: American Psychiatric Press, 1984:440-8 and 530-1.
  40. Benson H, Caudill MA. The use of relaxation techniques in the management of hypertension. Primary Cardiol 1984;10:137-44.
  41. Benson H, Pomeranz B, Kutz I. Pain and the relaxation response. In: Wall PD and Melzack R, eds. Textbook of pain. London: Churchill Livingstone, 1984:817-22.
  42. Barr BP, Benson H. The relaxation response and cardiovascular disorders. Behav Med Update 1985;6:28-30.
  43. Benson H, Friedman R. A rebuttal to the conclusions of David S. Holmes' article: "Meditation and somatic arousal reduction." Am Psychologist 1985;40:725-8.
  44. Benson H. Stress, health and the relaxation response. In: Gentry WD, Benson H, deWolff CJ, eds. Behavioral medicine: Work, stress and health. Dordrecht: M. Nijhoff. NATO ASI Series D No. 19, 1985:15-32.
  45. Benson H. Stress, anxiety and the relaxation response. In: Behavioral biology in medicine A monograph series: No. 3. So. Norwalk, CT: Meducation, 1985:1-28.
  46. Williams RB Jr, Benson H, Follick MJ. Disease as a reflection of the psyche. N Engl J Med 1985;313:1356-7 (letter to the editor).
  47. Benson H. The relaxation response. How to lower blood pressure, cope with pain and reduce anxiety in 20 minutes a day. Harvard Medical Alumni Bull 1986;60:33-5.
  48. Benson H. The physiology, history and clinical applications of the relaxation response. In: Klump W, ed. Encyclopedia of neuroscience. Boston: Birkhauser, 1987:1045-7.
  49. Caudill M, Friedman R, Benson H. Relaxation therapy in the control of blood pressure. Bibl Cardiol 1987;41:106-19.
  50. Benson H. The relaxation response: A bridge between medicine and religion. Harvard Med School Letter 1988;4:4-6.
  51. Benson H. Book review of The Golden Guru. The strange journey of Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh. Harvard Medical Alumni Bull 1988;62:10-1.
  52. Benson H. Hypnosis and the relaxation response. (Editorial) Gastroenterology 1989;96:1609-11.
  53. Everly GS Jr, Benson H. Disorders of arousal and the relaxation response: Speculations on the nature and treatment of stress-related diseases. Int J Psychosomatics 1989;36:15-21.
  54. Benson H. A tribute to Norman Cousins. Advances 1991;7:56-7.
  55. Friedman R, Stuart EM, Benson H. Essential hypertension: nonpharmacologic adjuncts to therapy. In: Cooke JP, Frohlich ED, ed. Current management of hypertensive and vascular diseases. St. Louis: Mosby-Year Book, 1992:1-7.
  56. Friedman R, Siegel WC, Jacobs SC, Benson H. JAMA (Letter to the editor) 1992;268:198.
  57. Domar AD, Friedman R, Benson H. Behavior therapy. In: Warfield CA, ed. Principles and practice of pain management. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1993:437-44.
  58. Benson H. The relaxation response. In: Goleman D, Gurin J, ed. Mind/Body medicine. Yonkers: Consumer Reports Books, 1993:233-57.
  59. Friedman R, Zuttermeister P, Benson H. (Letter to the editor) N Engl J Med, 1993; 329: 1201.
  60. Stuart E, Friedman R, Benson H. Promoting nonpharmacologic interventions to treat elevated blood pressure. Behavioral Science Learning Modules, Geneva: World Health Organization, 1993: 1-42.
  61. Domar AD, Benson H. Application of behavioral medicine techniques to the treatment of infertility. In: Seibel MM, Kiessling AA, Bernstein J, Levin SR, eds. Technology and infertility: Clinical, psychological, legal and ethical aspects. New York: Springer-Verlaq 1993: 355-360.
  62. Benson H, Stuart EM, Friedman R. (Letter to the editor) Ann Int Med, 1994; 230: 91.
  63. Friedman R, Benson H. Behavioral medicine: a retrospective and a look forward. Behav Med 1994; 19: 143-4.
  64. Friedman R, Vasile RG, Gallagher RM, Benson H. Behavioral-medicine and psychiatry: Difference and areas of collaboration. Directions Psychiatry 1994: 14: 1-8.
  65. Friedman R, Shackelford A, Reiff S, Benson H. Stress and weight maintenance: the disinhibition effect and the micromanagement of stress. In: Blackburn GL, Kanders, BS, ed. Obesity pathophysiology psychology and treatment. New York: Chapman Hall, 1994: 253-63.
  66. Benson H, Friedman R. Alternative to mainstream medicine: science as the arbiter. Congressional Record. Proceedings and Debates of the 103th Congress, Second Session, 1994; 140: E1199-200.
  67. Benson H, Friedman R. The three legged stool: Mind/Body medicine and mainstream medical care. Mind/Body Med 1995; 1: 1-2.
  68. Benson H. Commentary: Placebo effect and remembered wellness. Mind/Body Med 1995; 1: 44-5.
  69. Friedman R, Sobel D, Myers P, Caudill M, Benson H. Behavioral medicine, health psychology and cost offset. Health Psychol 1995; 14:509-18.
  70. Benson H, Friedman R. Harnessing the power of the placebo effect and renaming it "remembered wellness". Annu Rev Med 1996; 47: 193-9.
  71. Friedman R, Myers P, Krass S, Benson H. The Relaxation Response: Use with Cardiac Patients. In: Allen R, Scheidt S. eds. Heart and mind. The practice of cardiac psychology. American Psychological Association Press, Washington, 1996; 363-84.
  72. Benson H, Friedman R. Behavioral medicine and health care reform. The Leifer Report. Spring Summer, 1996.
  73. Friedman R, Benson H. Mind/body medicine and diversity. Mind/Body Med 1996; 175.
  74. Friedman R, Benson H. Spirituality, religious practice and medical outcomes. Mind/Body Med 1997; 2:87.
  75. Friedman R, Steinman M, Benson H. The relaxation response: physiological effects and medical applications. In: Haruki Y. ed. Comparative and psychological studies on meditation. Tokyo: Waseda University Press, 1996: 205-11.
  76. Friedman R, Sedler M, Myers P, Benson H. Behavioral Medicine, Complementary Medicine and Integrated Care: Economic Implications. In: Randall J, Lazar J, ed. Primary Care. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1997: 949-62.
  77. Friedman R, Myers P, Benson H. Meditation and the Relaxation Response. In: Friedman HS, ed. Encyclopedia of Mental Health. San Diego: Academic Press, 1998: 621-8.
  78. Friedman R, Myers P, Benson H. Relaxation response. In:Allison N, ed. Illustrated encyclopedia of body-mind disciplines. New York: Rosen Publishing Group, 1999:322-4.
  79. Benson H, Myers P. The importance of the placebo effect in alternative therapies. The Forum, 1999; 19:7-8.
  80. Benson, H. The relaxation response. Physiology, history and clinical applications. In: Adelman G, Smith BH, eds. Encyclopedia of neuroscience. 2nd edition Boston:Elsevier, 1776-8.
  81. Benson H, Myers P. Medical aspects of belief. In: Stannard, R. ed. God for the 21st century. Radnor, Pennsylvania: Templeton Foundation Press, 2000.
  82. Benson H, Myers P. Mind/body medicine and spirituality. In: Hermann, R. ed., Ten scientists consider humility theology, 2000.
  83. Koenig HG, Idler E, Kasl S, Hays JC, George LK, Musick M, Larson DB, Collins TR, Benson. H. Religion, spirituality, and medicine: A rebuttal to skeptics. Int J Psychiatry Med, 1999; 29:123-31.
  84. Kradin R, Benson, H. Stress, the relaxation response and immunity. Mod Asp Immunobiol, 2000; 1:110-3.
  85. Stefano GB, Fricchione GL, Slingsby BT, Benson H. The placebo effect and the relaxation response: neural processes and their coupling to constitutive nitric oxide. Brain Res Rev 2001; 35:1-19.
  86. Esch T, Stefano GB, Fricchione GL, Benson H. Stress in cardiovascular diseases. Med Sci Monit, 2002; 8:RA 93-101.
  87. Esch T, Stefano GB, Fricchione GL, Benson H. Stress-related diseases-a potential role for nitric oxide. Med Sci Monit 2002, 8:RA 103-118.
  88. Esch T, Stefano GB, Fricchione GL, Benson H. The role of stress in neurodegenerative diseases and mental disorders. Neuroendocrinol Lett 2002; 23: 199-208.
  89. Esch T, Stefano GB, Fricchione GL, Benson H. An overview of stress and its impact in immunological diseases. Mod ASP Immunobiol 2002; 2:187-92.
  90. Stefano GB, Esch T, Cadet P, Zhu W, Mantione K, Benson H. Endocannabinoids as auturegulatory signaling molecules: coupling to nitric oxide and a possible association with the relaxation response. Med Sci Monit 2003; 9:RA63-75.
  91. Benson H. Are you working too hard? Harvard Business Review 2005; 83:53-8.
  92. Benson H, Casey A, eds. Stress control. Harvard Health Publications, 2006 (in press).

Books, Monographs, and Text Books


1. Benson H. The relaxation response. New York: Morrow, 1975.
1a. ibid, London: Collins, 1976.
1b. ibid, New York: Avon, 1976.
1c. ibid, (Mietiskellen mielenrauhaan) Helsinki: Werner Soderstrom Osakeyhtio, 1976.
1d. ibid, Boston: Hall, 1976.
1e. ibid, (Reagir par la detente) Paris: Tchou, 1976.
1f. ibid, (La risposta rilassante) Milan: Rizzoli Editore, 1977.
1g. ibid, Tokyo: Kodan Sha, 1977.
1h. ibid, (Relajacion) Barcelona: Editorial Pomaire, 1977.
1i. ibid, (Afspaending meditation og blodtryk) Copenhagen: Bergens Forlag, 1977.
1j. ibid, (Aprendendo a relaxar) Rio de Janeiro: Editora Artenova, 1977.
1k. ibid, (Bewust ontspannen) Amsterdam: H J W Becht's Uitgeversmaatschappij, 1978.
1l. ibid, (Arslappning) Varnamo: Brombers Bokforlag, 1980.
1m. ibid, Seoul, Dongdowan (in press)

2. Benson H. The mind/body effect. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1979.
2a. ibid, (El effecto mente/cuerpo) Barcelona-Buenos Aires-Mexico: Grijalbo, 1980.
2b. ibid, New York: Berkley, 1980.
2c. ibid, (Medicina Humanista) Sao Paulo: Editora Brasiliense, 1980.

3. Benson H. Beyond the relaxation response. New York: Times Books, 1984.
3a. ibid, London: Collins-Fount, 1985.
3b. ibid, New York: Berkley, 1985.
3c. ibid, Barcelona: Grijalbo Ediciones, 1986.
3d. ibid, Seoul: Hakjisa, 2003

4 Benson H. Your maximum mind. New York: Times Books/Random House, 1987.
4a. ibid, London: Thorson's, 1988.
4b. ibid, New York: Avon, 1989.
4c. ibid, (El poder de la mente) Barcelona: Grijalbo Ediciones, 1989.

5. Benson H, Stuart E, Staff of the Benson-Henry Institute. The wellness book. New York: Carol, 1992.
5a. ibid, New York: Fireside, 1993.
5b. ibid, Wien: Donauland, 1998.

6. Benson H. Timeless Healing: The Power and biology of belief. New York: Scribner, 1996.
6a. ibid, Rydalmere (Australia): Hodder & Stoughton, 1996.
6b. ibid, London: Simon & Schuster, 1996.
6c. ibid, Rockland: Wheeler, 1996.
6d. ibid, (Geloof in uw eigen geneeskracht de medische werking van geest en spiritualiteit) Utrecht: Kosmos, 1996.
6e. ibid, (Curados por la Fe. Revelador Estudio Sobre el Poder Curativo de las Creencias) Bogota: Grupo Editorial Norma , 1996.
6f. ibid, (Siempre Sano. La Biolog’a y la Fuerza de las Creencias) Barcelona: Grijalbo, 1996.
6g. ibid, New York: Fireside, 1996.
6h. ibid, (Credere Per Poter Guarire) Milan: Sperling & Kupfer, 1997.
6i. ibid, Munich: (Heilung Durch Glauben. Die Beweise. Selbstheilung In Der Neuen Medizin) Heyne Verlag, 1997.
6j. ibid, Tokyo: Shoeisha, 1997.
6k. ibid, (Moc A B’ologie V’ry V Uzdraven’) Prague: Sofa, 1997.
6l. ibid, London: Pocket Books, 1998.
6m. ibid, (Medicina Espiritual. O Poder Essencial da Cura) Rio de Janeiro: Editorial Campas, 1998.
6n. ibid, Tapei: Successmart, 1998.
6o. ibid, Bratislava: Sofa, 1998.
6p. ibid, Seoul: Miresa, 1998.
6q. ibid, Jakarta: Binarupa Aksara, 1998.

7. Benson H. The relaxation response updated and expanded (25th the anniversary edition) New York: Avon, 2000.
7a. ibid, (Reakcija Opustanja) Zagreb: Algoritam, 2001
7b ibid, Moscow: Astrel, (In Press)

8. Benson H, Proctor W. The breakout principle. New York: Scribner, 2003.
8a. ibid, Moscow: Eksmo, 2004
8b. ibid, Tokyo: PHP, 2004.
8c. ibid, Indonesia: Kifa, 2005
8d. ibid, Paris: Editions Sand, (in press)
8e. ibid, Seoul: Hakjisz, (in press)

9. Kagan L, Kessel B, Benson H. Mind over menopause. New York: Free Press, 2004.

10. Casey A, Benson H. Mind your heart. New York: Free Press, 2004

11. Casey A, Benson H. The Harvard Medical School guide to lowering your blood pressure. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2006

Educational Material
For each of the six courses listed on pages 9 and 10, Dr. Benson had the leadership role. He was responsible for the syllabi, tutorial cases and teaching exhibits. The syllabi are numerous and are not individually listed.


Herbert Benson, MD, is the Mind/Body Medical Institute Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School with an endowed chair that will be named after him when he retires. He is the founding president of the Mind/Body Medical Institute of Pathway Health Network and Harvard Medical School. Chief of the Division of Behavioral Medicine at the Deaconess Hospital, he also teaches at Andover Newton Theological School. He actively conducts medical research, lectures widely, and is the author of five other books. He lives in Lexington, Massachusetts.